In the EU it is prohibited to illicitly manufacture or traffic in firearms, their parts and components, according to Regulation 258/2012 of 14 March 2012. Similarly, amendments to Council Directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons to the EU Firearms Directive in 2017 strengthened the rules on the marking of firearms, by including, among other things, a new obligation to mark also all their essential components. Essential components include “the barrel, the frame, the receiver, including both upper and lower receivers”. The new directive entered into force on 13 June 2017, with the deadline for transposition of most provisions set at 14 September 2018. Currently all these components can be printed using a 3D-printer, which causes great enforcement concerns of EU law.
How does the Commission assess the threat of 3d-printed guns on the enforcement of Regulation 258/2012 and Directive (EU) 2017/853?
Does the Commission consider 3d-printed guns as subject to European export control laws, including Regulation 428/2009?
Is the Commission planning any activities to ensure that essential components for 3d printed guns are not made available online?