Response to the migration flows in North Africa and the southern Mediterranean

Marietje

Question for oral answer

to the Commission Rule 115 Cecilia Wikström, Baroness Sarah Ludford, Jens Rohde, Sonia Alfano, Louis Michel, Nathalie Griesbeck, Marietje Schaake, Giommaria Uggias, Marielle De Sarnez, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Stanimir Ilchev, Ivo Vajgl, on behalf of the ALDE Group, 31.01.11 The wave of political revolution in North Africa has been accompanied by migration flows as people flee instability and violence, particularly in Libya. So far these movements are mostly horizontal rather than vertical and mainly affect the region (Tunisia, Egypt). Out of the 350 000 migrants that fled Libya after one month of unrest, 230 000 are third country nationals, a majority of them being stranded in Tunisia, Egypt, Niger and Algeria and trying to return to their countries. However, Tunisian migrants are also reported to have arrived on the shores of Lampedusa. Given that these movements challenge resources and put solidarity under pressure both towards neighbouring countries and within the EU, can the Commission clarify the following points? – What does it plan to do to help the countries in the region manage the situation and support those who are blocked in the region and who could require international protection? – Given the critical situation of migrants in Lampedusa and also in Evros (where the backlog of people having applied for asylum and still waiting for examination is estimated to be around 50 000), what does it plan to do to make Italy and Greece enforce the 2001 Temporary Protection Directive and the 2003 Reception Directive?