Marietje Schaake, supported by 22 colleagues today submitted urgent questions to High Representative Mogherini following reports that a member of the Assad regime visited Italy, in violation of EU sanctions.
Ali Mamlouk, a member of the Assad regime, was reported to have been in Italy last month to discuss security issues with Italian authorities (1). Mr Mamlouk is a top security official under Assad and was one of the first to be placed under EU sanctions. These require member stakes to "prevent the entry into, or transit through, their territories of the persons responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria" (2).
- Is the HR/VP aware of Mr Mamlouk's presence in Italy and if so will she condemn his presence within an EU member state in the strongest possible terms, insist the Italian government do the same and will she inquire where the application of sanctions failed?
- Under the principle of universal jurisdiction, national courts may prosecute individuals for serious crimes against international law, including crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide; does the VP/HR agree that Italian authorities should have arrested Mr Mamlouk if he was in Italy, to hold him to account for the ongoing atrocities committed by Assad and his regime against the Syrian population?
- Will the HR/VP investigate the circumstances under which Mr Mamlouk was able to arrive in Italy and what actions will she take against Italy for flagrantly violating EU sanctions?