Updating of export controls of dual use surveillance technologies
On 16-17 April 2015 the Netherlands hosted the fourth Global Conference on Cyberspace (GCCS) in The Hague. Representatives from governments, private sector and civil society gathered in order to promote practical cooperation in cyberspace, to enhance cyber capacity building, and to discuss norms for responsible behaviour in cyberspace.
Parallel Session : Updating of export controls of dual use surveillance technologies
Developing a comprehensive, balanced approach to protect human rights worldwide. This side session will address the question how export controls on dual use technology can be effectively strengthened to prevent the exports of technologies that may be used for human rights violations, while ensuring a high level of security and adequate transparency without impeding competitiveness and legitimate trade in dual-use items.
Because surveillance technologies have been used by oppressive and authoritarian regimes for internal repression of their citizens and in violation of a range of fundamental human rights, controls on the sale and exports of these technologies have become an increasingly important tool to promote and defend human rights. This session therefore facilitates a discussion on possible updates of export controls on dual use technologies, to raise awareness on this issue, enhance knowledge sharing and to see if participants and stakeholders can agree on developing a comprehensive approach for such an update and build an international coalition to push this agenda forward.
Kees Jan Steenhoek, head of the Export controls of Strategic Goods Division at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands (moderator)
Marietje Schaake, Member of the European Parliament with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Stéphane Chardon, European Commission, DG Trade, Head Export Credit & Dual Use Unit
Cynthia Wong, senior researcher on the internet and human rights, Human Rights Watch
Karen Costa-Zahn, Head Export Control, Ministry for Economic Affairs, Germany
Roel Nieuwenkamp, Chair, OECD Working Party on Responsible Business Conduct
Representative from the private sector, TBC
Marietje Schaake: Technologies can empower people, strengthen democratisation and promote and protect human rights. However, technology can also be used to repress people and to violate human rights. European companies play a central role in the proliferation of dangerous surveillance and intrusion technologies around the world. Not only are these technologies detrimental to human rights, they also pose a significant threat to European strategic interests and our digital infrastructure. Strengthening export controls of dual use technology should be focal point of EU policy.
For more information, please refer to the GCCS website.